Modal dan SEOM

Modal

   Modal adalah Auxiliary verb yang memberi makna tambahan pada Verb Ordinary.

Macam-Macam Modal:

– Will

– Would

– Shall

– Should

– Can

– Could

– Need

– May

– Might

– Must

– Had better

– Ought to

– Would rather

– Dare

Peraturan Modal:

 

1. Modal bentuknya tetap.

2. Modal selalu diikuti dengan Verb 1.

3. Modal tidak boleh bertemu dengan modal.

4. Modal tidak bisa diawali atau diikuti dengan “to”.

5. Modal tidak boleh dengan Verb Auxiliary kecuali “Have/be”.

6. Modal tidak boleh masuk pada tenses perfect kecuali modal yang bermakna akan.

7. Modal bisa diganti dengan SEOM.

SEOM

SEOM merupakan persamaan dari modal (Similar Expression Of Modal).

Macam-Macam SEOM:

MODAL

MAKNA

SEOM

Will

Akan

Be going to

Would

Dulu terbiasa

Used to

Should

Seharusnya

Be supposed to

Can

Bisa/Mampu

Be able to

May

Boleh

Be allowed to

Must

Harus

-Have to / Has to

-Have got to

-Be to

Fungsi dan Peraturan SEOM:

1. SEOM mencegah bertemunya 2 modal, karena modal tidak boleh bertemu modal.
2. SEOM boleh bertemu SEOM.
3. SEOM menyesuaikan tenses.
4. SEOM diawali/diikuti “to”.

Contoh Modal dan SEOM:

Kamu harus bisa mengerjakan ini.

– You must be able to do it. (true)
ü

– You have to be able to do it. ü (true)

– You must can do it. (false) û

Ayahku akan pergi kesana.

– My father will go there. (true )ü

– My faher is going there. (true) ü

Adikmu seharusnya bisa mendapatkannya.

– Your sister should be able to get it. (true) ü

– Your sister is supposed to able to get it. (true) ü

– Your sister should can get it.
(false) û

Dia (pr) boleh pergi meninggalkanku.

– She may leave me. (true) ü

– She is allowed to leave me. (true)
ü

Kamu seharusnya bisa pergi kemarin.

-You should have been able to go yesterday. (true) ü

– You were supposed to be able to go yesterday. (true) ü

– You should have can go
yesterday.
(false) û

Dia (lk) harus boleh pergi.

– He must be allowed to go. (true)
ü

– He has to be allowed to go. (true)
ü

– He must may go. (false) û

 

Fungsi Modal

Terdapat 14 fungsi modal, diantaranya :

         1. Possibility (Kemungkinan) 

         2. Impossibility (Ketidakmungkinan) 

         3. Wishes (Harapan/Do’a)

         4. Ability (Kemampuan)

         5. Necessity (Keharusan/Kemestian)

         6. Prohibition (Larangan)  

         7. Advisibility (Nasehat)

       8. Suggestion (Saran)

       9. Expectation (Harapan/Ekspetasi)

       10. Habit in past (Kebiasaan dulu)

       11. Preference (Pilihan)

       12. Request (Permintaan)

       13. Permission (Perizinan)

       14. Semi modal

 

1. Possibility (Kemungkinan)

Makna: Mungkin dan Pasti.
 

Mungkin

 

Pasti

May

Might

Can

 Could

Should

Ough to

Must

Will


Contoh: 
  – Dia mungkin pergi nanti. 
= She may go later.
  – Ayahku mungkin tidur. 
= My father may sleep.
  – Kamu pasti lelah. 
= You must be tired.
  – Dia (lk) pasti pergi. 
= He must go.
  – Adikku mungkin sedang tidur. 
= My brother may be sleeping
  – Dia (lk) mungkin sedang belajar nanti malam. 
= He may be studying tonight.
  – Kamu pasti sedang belajar sekarang. 
= You must be studying now.
  – Dia (pr) mungkin pergi kemarin.
 = She might have gone yesterday.
  – Ayahku mungkin tidur tadi malam. 
= My father might have slept last night.
  – Kamu pasti pergi kerumahnya tadi malam. 
= You must have gone to her house last night.
  – Dia (pr) mungkin sedang belajar tadi malam. 
= She might have been sleeping last night.
  – Ayahku mungkin sedang tidur tadi pagi.
 = My father might have been sleeping last morning.
  – Kamu pasti sedang tidur tadi. 
= You must have been sleeping just now.
 
 
2. Impossibility (Ketidakmungkinan)

Makna: Tidak mungkin, Mungkin tidak dan Pasti tidak.
 

Tidak Mungkin

 

Can not/Can’t

Could not/Couldn’t

Mungkin Tidak

 

May not

Might not

Pasti tidak

 

Must not

Contoh: 
  -Dia mungkin tidak pergi nanti.
 = She may not go later.
  -Ayahku tidak mungkin tidur. 
= My father can not sleep.
  – Kamu pasti tidak lelah. 
= You must not be tired.
  – Dia (lk) pasti tidak pergi. 
= He must not go.
  – Adikku mungkin tidak sedang tidur.
 = My brother may not be sleeping
  – Dia (lk) tidak mungkin sedang belajar nanti malam.
 = He can not be studying tonight.
  – Kamu pasti tidak sedang belajar sekarang.
 = You must not be studying now.
  -Dia (pr) mungkin tidak pergi kemarin. 
= She might not have gone yesterday.
  -Ayahku tidak mungkin tidur tadi malam. 
= My father could not have slept last night.
  – Kamu pasti tidak pergi kerumahnya tadi malam.
 = You must not have gone to her house last night.
  -Dia (pr) mungkin tidak sedang belajar tadi malam. 
= She might not have been sleeping last night.
  -Ayahku tidak mungkin sedang tidur tadi pagi. 
= My father could not have been sleeping last morning.
  -Kamu pasti tidak sedang tidur tadi.
 = You must not have been sleeping just now.
 

3. Wishes (Harapan/Do’a)

Contoh:
 -Semoga Andi pergi dari sini! 
= May Andi go from here!
 -Semoga Andi tidak pergi dari sini! 
= May Andi not go from here!


4. Ability (Kemampuan)

Contoh:
 -Saya bisa datang ke pestamu. 
= I can come to your party.
= I am able to come to your party.

 -Dia (lk) mampu mengerjakan ini.
= He can do it.
= He is able to do it.

 -Saya bisa melakukannya kemarin. 
= I could do it yesterday.
= I was able to do it yesterday.

 -Mereka (lk) dapat bernyanyi dengan indah tahun lalu.
= They could sing beautifully last year.
= They were able to sing beautifully last year.


5. Necessity (Keharusan/Kemestian)

Contoh :

 -Mereka harus pegi.
= They must go.
= They have to go.

 -Saya tidak harus pergi.
= I needn’t go.
= I don’t have to go.

 -Ayahku harus pergi tadi malam.
= My father had to go last night.


6. Prohibition (Larangan)

Contoh :

 -Kamu tidak boleh mengganggu mereka.
= You musn’t disturb them.

 -Adikmu tidak boleh pergi sekarang.
= Your brother musn’t go now.


7. Advisability (Nasihat)

Contoh: 

 – Kamu seharusnya pergi sekarang.
= You should go now.

 – Kamu seharusnya belajar kemarin.
= You should have studied yesterday.

 – Kamu seharusnya belajar dengan giat atau kamu tidak lulus ujian.
= You had better study diligently or you will not pass the exam.


8. Suggestion (Saran)

  Terdapat 2 pilihan/saran.
Contoh :

 – Kamu sebaiknya pergi ke sekolah atau kamu pergi ke perpustakaan.
= You could go to school or you go to library.


9. Expectation (Harapan/Ekspetasi)

Modal: –
SEOM : be to/be supposed to
 Contoh:

 -Kemarin, aku berharap bertemu dia.
= Yesterday, I was to meet her.
 
 -Kamu diharapkan hadir.
= You are supposed to attend.


10. Habit in past (Kebiasaan dimasa lampau)

Contoh: 
 
 -Dulu dia (pr) selalu nangis di kamar.
= She would cry in the room.
= She used to cry in the room.

 – Aku dulu sering tidur di pagi hari.
= I would sleep in the morning.
= I used to sleep in the morning.
= I got used to sleeping in the morning.
= I was accostumed to sleeping in the morning.


11. Preference (Pilihan)

Contoh:

 – Aku lebih suka bermain daripada belajar.
= I would rather play than study.
= I prefer playing to study.
= I prefer playing than study.


12. Request (Permintaan)

Contoh:

 -Bolehkah aku melihat catatanmu?
= May i see your note?

 –Maukah kamu mentraktirku?
= Can you treat me?

13. Permission (Perizinan)

Contoh:

 – Malam ini kamu boleh pergi dengannya.
= Tonight, you can go with her.
= Tonight, you are allowed to go wih her.
= Tonight, you may go with her.

14. Semi Modal

– Need sebagai verb artinya membutuhkan.
– Need sebagai modal artinya butuh/perlu.
– Need sebagai noun artinya kebutuhan.

Contoh: 

– Mereka membutuhkan buku itu.
= They need that book.

– Aku perlu membeli ini.
= I need buy it.

– Dia (pr) membeli kebutuhannya.
= She buys her need.


– Dare sebagai verb artinya berani.
– Dare sebagai modal artinya menantang.
– Dare sebagai noun artinya tantangan.

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