Simple Present

Sebelum kita membahas Simple Present Tense, pengetian dari Tenses adalah bentuk kerja yang perubahannya tergantung waktu dan sifat kejadian. Semua kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris tidak terlepas dari Tenses dan selalu berhubungan.

     Simple Present merupakan salah satu jenis tenses yang digunakan untuk kejadian yang berlangsung, kejadian yang  berulang ulang-ulang/kebiasaan, atau suau pernyataan yang benar.

Pola:


Note: Do not bisa disingkat Don’t, Does not bisa disingkat Doesn’t.

Perubahan V1 menjadi V-s/es:

 

 

 

 

 

Untuk kata kerja yang berakhiran -O, -CH, -SH, -X, -C, -X, SS
atau -Z, tambahkan -ES.

Go-Goes

Watch-Watches

Kiss-Kisses

Fix-Fixes

Do-Does

Wash-Washes

Discuss-Discusses

Finish-finishes

Push-Pushes

Punch-Punches

Dll

 

 

 

 

 

Untuk kata kerja (Verb) yang berakhiran konsonan + Y, hilangkan
Y, dan tambahkan -IES.

Carry-Carries

Fly-Flies

Study-Studies

Hurry-Hurries

Fry-Fries

Cry-Cries

Apply-Applies

Accompany-Accompanies

Modify-Modifies

Dll

Untuk kata kerja yang berakhiran vokal + Y, cukup tambahkan -S.

Play-Plays

Say-Says

Buy-Buys

Lay-Lays

Enjoy-Enjoys

Dll.

Time signal yang biasa digunakan pada Simple Present:

Every + Time:
 
Everyday, Every sunday, Every sunday, Every morning, Every year, Every month, dll.

Adverb of frequency:

Always, Often, Seldom, Usually, Rarely, dll.

On + day + s:

On sundays, On modays, On tuesdays, On wednesdays, dll.


Membuat pola pertanyaan pada Simple Present:

1. Menanyakan subject dan bagian dari subject

 Menanyakan Subject: 

Who (Person)/What (Non Person) + V-s/es + ……….?

 Menanyakan Bagian Dari Subject: 

– Which (…..yang mana)

– Whose (…..siapa)

– How many + Noun Plural (Berapa…..) note :untuk Noun yang bisa dihitung

– How much (Berapa…..) note :untuk Noun yang tidak bisa dihitung.

She gets much money.

Who gets much money?

The Children like toys.

Who likes toys?

A crocodile lives in the river.

What lives in the river?

The lions eat meat.

What eats meat?

My cat likes fish.

What likes fish?

People go to zoo.

Who goes to zoo?

A girl works very hard.

How many girls work hard?

Handsome boy plays in the park.

Which a boy plays in the park?

My father likes fishing.

Whose father likes fishing?

2. Menanyakan Verb
     
 Menanyakan Verb : What + Auxiliary (Do/Does) + Subject + Do + ……….?

They go to school everyday.

What do they do everyday?

She goes to school everyday.

What does she do everyday?

We eat rice every morning.

What do we do every morning?

He eats rice every morning.

What does he do every morning?

3. Menanyakan object dan bagian dari object

 Menanyakan Object:

 Whom (Person)/What (Non Person) + Auxiliary (Do/Does) + Subject + V1 ……….?

Menanyakan Bagian Dari Object:  

– Which (…..yang mana)

– Whose (…..siapa)

– How many + Noun Plural (Berapa…..) note :untuk Noun yang bisa dihitung

– How much (Berapa…..) note :untuk Noun yang tidak bisa dihitung.

You eat rice every morning.

What do you eat every morning?

She eats rice every morning.

What does she eat every morning?

They eat noodle every morning.

What do they eat every morning?

I buy 2 expensive bags.

How many bags do I buy?

I buy 2 expensive bags.

Which bags do I buy?

She buys 1 expensive bag.

How many bags does she buy?

She buys 2 expensive bags.

Which bags does she buy?

I borrow her pen.

Whose pen do I borrow?

She borrows my pen.

Whose pen does she borrow?

4. Menanyakan Adverb

Menanyakan Adverb of time (Waktu) : 

When + Auxiliary (Do/Does) + Subject + V1 + …..?

Menanyakan Adverb of place (Tempat) : 

Where + Auxiliary (Do/Does) + Subject + V1 + …..?

Menanyakan Adverb of Manner (Cara) : 

How + Auxiliary (Do/Does) + Subject + V1 + …..?

I eat rice everyday.

When do I eat rice?

She eats rice everyday.

When does she eat rice?

I go to market every morning.

Where do I go every morning?

I go to market every morning.

When di I go to market?

She goes to market every morning.

Where does she go every morning?

She goes to market every morning.

When does she go to market?

We study English diligently.

How do we study English?

She studies English diligently.

How does she study English?

We study diligently.

How do we study?

She studies diligently.

How does she study?

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